Gum disease is not curable, but with regular visits by your dentist and hygienist, it can be prevented from progressing to severe levels. Gum Disease Treatment in Dubai include dental cleaning to remove bacteria-filled plaque and tartar that brushing and flossing can’t reach. Antibiotic medications such as chlorhexidine (Peridex, PerioChip, Periodontine) can reduce infection and promote healing.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning that can reach under the gumline to remove bacteria that cause infection, inflammation, and tooth loss. This procedure is usually done by a dentist or dental hygienist, under local anesthesia, to prevent discomfort.
During the first part of this treatment, the tooth or teeth are cleaned thoroughly using manual hand instruments, ultrasonic instruments, or a combination of both. The goal is to remove the bacterial plaque, toxins, and tartar deposits that brushing and flossing cannot reach. This includes the areas below the gum line and in the cracks and crevices of the teeth (called furcations) where the root meets the bone. This is followed by planing, or smoothing out the rough areas of the tooth and root, to help the gums reattach to the teeth.
Following scaling and root planing, your dentist or hygienist will recommend daily brushing for at least two minutes with a soft-bristled toothbrush and flossing to remove any remaining plaque. They may also suggest regular professional dental cleanings to keep the gums healthy and free of periodontitis.
During scaling and root planing, you can expect some pain, swelling, and tooth sensitivity for up to a week. During this time, it is important to eat only soft foods that do not require chewing. You should also avoid smoking or other forms of tobacco, as this can contribute to periodontitis and negatively affect gum healing.
Periodontal Maintenance Therapy
A bacterial infection that starts with swollen and bleeding gums can eventually eat away at the bone and ligaments that hold teeth in place. If it isn’t stopped in time, the bacteria can cause tooth loss, which can affect your overall health. However, gum disease can be reversed in the early stages with smart oral hygiene habits, including brushing twice a day and flossing daily, and regular dental cleanings and checkups.
Periodontal maintenance therapy is a series of visits to your dentist at specific intervals after treatment to ensure that your Gum Disease Treatment in Dubai doesn’t return. It includes a deep cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from the areas where your toothbrush can’t reach. The periodontist will also remove infected tissue and disinfect the area. Often, this is all that is needed to stop the progression of gum disease in healthy patients.
For advanced cases of gum disease, your periodontist may need to perform more intensive treatments to restore the health of your mouth. In these cases, they will remove the bacteria from the pockets in your gums with a procedure called scaling and root planing. They will also insert gum tissue to cover exposed roots, and they may use a tissue graft surgery to replace lost gum tissue in the area. They will also perform guided tissue regeneration to repair the damaged bone in your jaw.
Bone and Tissue Grafts
Bone grafts are used to reconstruct bone and soft supporting tissues lost as a result of periodontitis. We use autologous bone (bone harvested from the patient’s jaw), allogenic (bone obtained from a human cadaver), or synthetic bone graft material to create a structure that encourages natural bone growth.
During a bone graft procedure, our doctor separates the gum tissue from your tooth to access the underlying bone. The bone graft material is then placed in the area that needs it, either directly into the socket or onto the top of the jawbone. The surgical flap is then sutured closed.
In some cases, a bone graft is done at the time an implant is placed. This allows us to place the implant into a stronger, healthier position in the mouth. In other cases, a bone graft is performed before any dental implant procedures are started to prepare the area for an eventual implant.
Sometimes a bone graft is needed to treat the deep pockets that form around teeth as a result of periodontitis. These pockets are inaccessible to brush and floss, which means bacteria continue to grow in these areas. The bone graft acts as a scaffolding to hold the new gum tissue in place, which eventually covers the weakened tooth root. This procedure also helps to prevent further gum recession, which can lead to sensitivity and tooth loss.
A variety of surgical procedures are available to reduce infection, repair tissue and bone loss, and reverse damage caused by Gum Disease Treatment in Dubai. Your dentist or periodontist performs most of these gum disease treatments, though some are done under general anesthesia in a hospital setting.
Gum disease is a serious problem that affects your overall health. Early detection is important to prevent the more severe form of the condition, called periodontitis, from developing. The milder variety of the condition is gingivitis, which is reversible with good oral hygiene, regular dental cleanings, and a proper diet.
Bacteria in the mouth cling to teeth and harden over time to become plaque. When not removed, plaque can irritate the gums and cause them to bleed when brushing or flossing. This is a warning sign of gum disease. If not treated, bacteria can travel under the gum line and destroy the bones that hold your teeth in place.
During gum disease treatment, your dentist or periodontist may perform a procedure called scaling and root planing. This deep clean removes the bacterial build-up from beneath your gumline (in periodontal pockets) and smooths the tooth roots to promote healing. They may also graft tissue from the roof of your mouth or another donor source to cover exposed roots and give your gumline a more even appearance.